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What's the difference between MMA and the UFC? Are there any actual rules? If you've ever found yourself asking these questions then you should really read on...

As the popularity of Mixed Martial Arts (MMA) continues to grow apace, new fans are being attracted all the time. While MMA (in particular the UFC) has moved on dramatically from its early days of mis-matches and freakshow elements to become a legitimate, widely respected and hugely popular sport not everybody fully understands what it's all about.

With that in mind here's a quick guide to all the questions most commonly asked about MMA.

1)Just what IS mixed martial arts?

Mixed Martial Arts is the fastest growing sport in the world. MMA encompasses disciplines from various martial arts and Olympic sports, such as Boxing, Kick-boxing, Karate, Jiu-jitsu, Muay thai, Tae kwon do, Wrestling (Grappling) and Judo.

Rounds are five minutes in length and there are typically three rounds in a contest, unless it’s a championship fight (or a non-title UFC main event), in which case, the contest lasts five rounds.


2) Mixed martial arts is the sport NOT the UFC

Mixed Martial Arts is the name of the sport. The Ultimate Fighting Championship (UFC) is the name of the premier organisation. Akin to basketball being the sport, but the NBA being the name most people associate with it.

The UFC has been the driving force behind the sports popularity and they have done a great job of marketing their brand. However, we’ve all heard casual fans tell their friends that they ‘train UFC’, so next time you hear that, politely correct them.


3) Yes, there ARE rules. Many rules...

A common misconception is that MMA has no rules, when in fact, it has many. The Unified Rules of Mixed Martial Arts is the most common rule set used throughout the world. All state athletic commissions in the United States adopt the Unified Rules to help regulate the sport.

The rules are thorough and include the size of the fighting area, specifications about hand wrapping and information on judging and fouls, amongst many other things. They are an essential read for those wanting to understand the sport.


4) There are fouls too

In the Unified Rules, there more than 25 fouls officially listed. Some examples are; no head butting, no small joint manipulation and no unsportsmanlike conduct that causes an injury to an opponent.

If a foul is determined by the referee as intentional and flagrant, he can disqualify the competitor. Typically, a foul will result in a point being deducted, which could be crucial in a three round fight. A fouled fighter has up to five minutes to recuperate.


5) MMA DOES have weight classes

The current weight classes in the UFC are:

Flyweight up to 125 lbs
Bantamweight over 125 to 135 lbs
Featherweight over 135 to 145 lbs
Lightweight over 145 to 155 lbs
Welterweight over 155 to 170 lbs
Middleweight over 170 to 185 lbs
Light Heavyweight over 185 to 205 lbs
Heavyweight  over 205 to 265 lbs


6) How is a fight scored?

There are three judges sat cage side, each with a different viewpoint of the contest. They evaluate MMA techniques, such as effective striking, effective grappling, control of the fighting area, effective aggressiveness and defense.

They use the 10-Point Must System, the winner of the round gets 10 points, the loser gets 9 or less, unless, in rare occurrences, it’s an even 10-10 round.


7) The cage is actually for the safety of the athletes

The term ‘cage fighting’ is detestable, but the cage (referred to as ‘The Octagon’ in the UFC) is an essential part of fighter safety. In the Australian state of Victoria, MMA events that use a cage are banned, when in fact, the cage is used to protect the athletes, particularly when the wrestling aspect of the sport is involved.

The Unified rules of MMA state, ‘The fighting canvas area shall be enclosed by a fence made of such material as will not allow a fighter to fall out or break through it onto the floor or spectators’.


8) MMA fighters are highly skilled sportsmen and women

MMA fighters are some of the most well conditioned and skilled athletes in sport. It takes years of dedication and hard training to be successful. Many MMA fighters in the UFC have University degrees, as a direct result of their wrestling scholarships.

In the UK, you’d be hard pressed to find sportsmen and women more articulate and approachable. The first female UFC fighter from the UK, Rosi Sexton was even a Cambridge graduate!


9) The UFC is the biggest organisation but it's NOT the only one

UFC programming is broadcast in over 145 countries, to nearly 800 million TV households worldwide, in 28 different languages. The UFC is also the largest pay-per-view event provider in the world. Yes, it’s huge.

In the UK, Cage Warriors was the starting point for many current and former UFC fighters but through the development of many successful and respected MMA training facilities the likes of the ICE FC (International Combat Elite) is also proving to be a formidable proving ground for potential future stars of MMA.


10) A fight can finish a number of different ways

The ways in which a bout can end are as follows: submission, technical knockout, knockout, judges decision, forfeit, technical draw or decision and no contest.

At the time of the UFC’s 20th Anniversary in November 2013, there had been 833 knockouts, 644 Submissions, 964 Decisions and 34 Other results in the UFC.


11) Handshakes and hugs are important (really)

There is a unique and unparalleled respect in MMA. Fighters are known to talk and joke with each other before they weigh in and face off.

There is an entertainment aspect to the sport, but at the end of many bouts, the fighters will shake hands and embrace in the Octagon and then again backstage. They respect their opponent and they respect the sport immensely. It is a complete misconception that MMA fighters or brutal barbaric personalities who like nothing better than to brawl and cause trouble, it is in fact 99% of the time a completely unjustified reputation built on wrong perception. MMA fighters are generally extremely respectful people in and outside the Octagon, it is also known that within training facilities head coaches wil not and do not tolerate disrespectful behaviour although Mixed Martial Artists are expected to represent their coaches names and reputations in and outside their training grounds unfortunately not all adhere to these unwritten rules, those rarely remain training within respected facilities for long.


12) If i attend MMA training am i expected to compete?

Of course not!

At no time is any person training expected to compete, this is personal choice and often something a trainer/coach also considers very seriously based on ability and level of fitness. Not all Mixed Martial Artists choose to fight, this is purely a choice made by you as an individual and something you would discuss with your coach should you choose to do so.

MMA training is deemed one of the most physically beneficial training regimes and builds not only self confidence and discipline, but also the strength and capability to protect or defend yourself with controlled aggression and a high level of skill used by expert high level security personel. MMA training will allow you to become stronger, fitter and instill self defense techniques that have already saved many lives world-wide from the hands of unsavory characters.

Children learning MMA techniques today benefit hugely from the discipline, fitness and social skills within reputable MMA training facilities, Backledge MMA childrens classes are hugely successful and are already developing promising MMA stars of the future.



 Original article by Jay Dann 240414 Edited by Mark Nightingale 201616




Blackledge MMA
7a Tower Enterprise Park
Great George Street


07939 764663



Based in Wigan, Blackledge MMA is run by world renowned and very respected MMA Champion Tom Blackledge.

BMMA welcomes all levels of ability to our facilities. We are friendly professional Mixed Martial Artists with a wealth of experience and look forward to meeting and training with you, don't be shy, we don't bite. Come down and train with some of the best MMA fighters in the UK, healthy body, healthy mind!